23 April 2012



What Is E-Commerce?

E-commerce or electronic commerce refers to buying and selling of products or services over electronic systems such as Internet and other computer network. E-commerce includes
  •       Online business to business transactions
  •       Online business to consumer transactions
  •       Digital delivery of products and services
  •       Online merchandising
  •       Automated telephone transactions. E.g: Phone banking

Examples Of E-Commerce

There are 5 examples of e-commerce, that is:
  • Online Shopping - Buying and selling goods on the internet. Sellers promotes their goods and buyers browse and purchase products with mouse clicks.
  • Electronic Payments - Pay for goods through the internet..Reduce the inefficiency associated with writing and mailing checks.
  • Online Auctions - Auction which is held over the internet. The Internet made auctions accessible to a large number of buyers and sellers and also efficient mechanism for price discovery.
  • Internet Banking - Banking operations through the without visiting physical bank branch.
  • Online Ticketing - Any kind of tickets such as air ticket, movie tickets, train tickets can be booked online without need to queue up at ticket counters.
Types Of E-Commerce

  • Business to Business (B2B)
  • Business to Consumer (B2C)
  • Consumer to Consumer (C2C) 
 Advantages Of E-Commerce
Disadvantages Of E-Commerce
What Is Online Banking? 
 Online banking (or Internet banking or E-banking) allows customers of a financial institution to conduct financial transactions on a secure website operated by the institution, which can be a retail or virtual bank, credit union or building society. To access it from the Internet, the customer must have personal Internet access, means that they have to register with the institution for the service, and set up some password (under various names) for customer verification before they can access to various features such as:
  • Viewing account balances
  • Viewing recent transactions
  • viewing images of paid cheque
  • Ordering cheque books
  • Paying third parties, including bills 

What Is Online Transactions?
Online transaction is exchanging sensitive information without the appropriate encryption technology or security measures can make a computer user or identity particularly vulnerable. It take place at record speed, oftentimes faster than a standard credit card transaction or check processing. Online transactions also can be monitored, recorded, and key logged by a variety of hackers and third parties without the knowledge or consent of the user.
How To Ensure Safe Transactions On The Internet?

There are several tips to help ensure safe transactions on the Internet such as:

22 April 2012



What Is Online Forum?

Online forum is an online bulletin board where people can post, participating and discussing topics. It also may cultivate social bonds and interest groups for a topic made from the discussions. Most online forums require registration to post.

Dont's In Online Forum

In online forum, user should avoid this 2:
  1. Troll -  Repeatedly and intentionally breaches netiquette, often posting derogatory or otherwise inflammatory messages about sensitive topics in an established online community to bait users into responding, often starting flame wars.
  2. Spamming - A breach of netiquette where users repeat the same word or phrase over and over, but differs from multiple posting in that spamming is usually a willful act which sometimes has malicious intent.
Forum Structure

  • User groups - Registered user of the site(Unregistered user known as guest or visitor). They are given privileges administrator where they can access to all functions that do not require database alterations or breach privacy.
  • Moderator - Users of the forum who are granted access to all posts and threads of all members for the purpose of moderating discussion and also keeping the forum clean. They respond to user's concerns, questions and complaints about the forum.
  • Administrator - Manage the technical details required for running the site. They act as moderators, promote members to moderators, manage the rules, create sections and sub-sections, as well as perform any database operations.
  • Post - User submitted message enclosed into a block containing user's detail and the date and time it was submitted. Members are usually allowed to edit or delete their own posts. The first post starts the threads; this may called the TS (thread starter) or OP (Original Post) while posts that follow in the thread are meant to continue discussion about that post, or respond to other replies.
  • Thread - Collection of posts displayed from oldest to latest (can be configurable). It is defined by title and can contain any number of posts, including multiple posts from the same members.
  • Private Message - A message sent in private from a member to one or more other members used for personal conversations.
  • Emoticon - Symbol used to convey emotional content in written or message form.


What Is Wiki?

Wiki is a piece of server software that allows users to freely create and edit Web page content using any Web browser. It is a combination of a CGI script and a collection of plain text files that allows users to create Web Pages "on the fly." It also supports hyperlinks and has a simple text syntax for creating new pages and crosslinks between internal pages on the fly. Wiki is unusual among group communication mechanisms in that it allows the organization of contributions to be edited in addition to the content itself.

Editing Wiki Pages

The structure and formatting of wiki pages are specified with a simplified markup language known as "wikitext". The style and syntax of wikitexts can vary greatly among wiki implementations, some of which also allow HTML tags. Wikis therefore favor plain text editing, with fewer and simpler conventions than HTML for indicating style and structure. By clicking " Edit" link, the script sends the raw text file to the browser in an editable form, allowing user to modify the content of the page and pressing "Save" button sends the modified text back to the wiki server, which replaces the existing text file with the changed version 


 Podcasting In Education

The use of podcasting in educational context is varies from:
  • Short language lessons, or other lessons that help students develop listening and speaking skills
  • News/updates
  • Guest lectures
  • Student presentations
  • Student-produced podcasts
  • Feedback/evaluation of student work
  • Supplementary  material such as speeches, music, or other audio recordings


What Is Second Life?

Second Life, is an online virtual world developed by Linden Lab where participants use avatars, virtual selves that reflect the creators' personalities, to interact with one another within the online environment.

Second Life In Education

Second Life is used as a platform for education by many institutions, such as colleges, universities, libraries and government entities. Instructors and researchers in Second Life favor it because it is more personal than traditional distance learning.

"80% of UK universities used Second Life in the development, teaching and/or learning activities"

18 April 2012



Importance Of Communication

From the survey, we can conclude that communication is essential; even in the Internet. It can be Interpersonal, Organizational and Educational online communication where it connecting people in workplaces and educational institutions, support for diverse interpersonal and group interactions and activities, and development of online relationships.

What Can Be Improved In Online Communication?
  • Personal use of the Internet/web
  • Interaction with other users of the Internet
  • Online relationship development
  • Presentation of oneself, product/service and institution
  • Learning/teaching over the internet
  • Secure and private use of the internet
 E-Learning Online Communication

(Click picture to enlarge)

E-Learning Communication Method

There are some method for students to communicate through the internet:
  • Email - Important interactive tool in any e-learning environment where students can either explaining or asking question related to the course that their taking. The purpose is to make student confidence in communicating via email
  • Teleconferences - Providing students with an opportunity to fine-tune their English speaking skills.

Communication Skills



"I'm not afraid of army of lions lead by a sheep, but I'm afraid of army of sheep lead by a lion"
- Anonymous

Team Leader
In a team, there will be someone who will be a leader. So, who is this leader? Leader is a person who:

  • Being a role model
  • Motivating members
  • Encouraging others
  • Delegating so that the work done
  • Leading an activity
  • Having the characteristics of an effective team player
And not to forget that they must be very familiar with the procedures, rules and objectives.

9 Qualities Of An Effective Team Player

  1. Reliable - Can be trusted when given work
  2. Communicates constructively - Expressing ideas clearly and in appropriate manners.
  3. Listens actively - Listens, understand and able to receive criticism from others without debating and arguing every point.
  4. Active - Prepared to listen and speak up in discussions.
  5. Shares openly & willingly - Willing to share information, knowledge and experience.
  6. Flexible - Adapt to ever-changing situation.
  7. Problem-solver - Willing to deal and find solution for problems.
  8. Treat others in respectful and supportive manner - Understanding and give appropriate supports for team members to help get the job done.
  9. Shows commitment to forum - Give a good effort and contribute to the success of their team.